Rearrangement of the T-cell-receptor beta-chain gene in the diagnosis of lymphoproliferative disorders.
O'Connor NT., Wainscoat JS., Weatherall DJ., Gatter KC., Feller AC., Isaacson P., Jones D., Lennert K., Pallesen G., Ramsey A.
The arrangement of the T-cell-receptor and immunoglobulin genes has been analysed in 77 cases of lymphoproliferative disorder. All 6 T-cell leukaemias and 16 of 19 T-cell lymphomas showed rearrangement of the gene coding for the beta chain of the T-cell receptor, associated in all cases with a germline arrangement of the immunoglobulin genes. All 36 B-cell leukaemias and all 16 B-cell lymphomas showed rearrangement of immunoglobulin genes; the T-cell-receptor gene was in the germline configuration in most of these cases but showed a rearranged pattern in 3 cases (2 chronic lymphatic leukaemias and 1 immunoblastic lymphoma). The combined use of T-cell-receptor and immunoglobulin gene probes promises to be a valuable means of identifying and classifying T-cell neoplasms.