Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

The nucleotide sequence of a 55098 bp region from the right end of the genome of a virulent African swine fever virus (ASFV) isolate (Malawi LIL20/1) has been determined. Translation of the sequence identified 67 major open reading frames (ORFs) which are closely spaced and read from both DNA strands. At six positions intergenic tandem repeat arrays are found. Comparison of the predicted amino acid sequences of encoded proteins with protein sequence databases identified a number of homologies. These include three subunits of RNA polymerase, a protein with homology to transcription factor SII (TFSII), a DNA ligase, two subunits of mRNA capping enzyme, a DNA topoisomerase type II, a dUTPase, a protein kinase, three helicases, a ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme, a protein with homology to the nif S and nif S-like proteins identified in some bacteria and Saccharomyces cerevisiae, a protein with homology to both a myeloid differentiation primary response antigen (MyD116) and to a herpes simplex virus-encoded neurovirulence-associated protein (ICP34.5), a protein with homology to the ASFV-encoded structural protein p22, two proteins with homology to copies of the ASFV-encoded multigene family 360 and one protein with homology to the ASFV-encoded multigene family 110. Four genes encode proteins which have homology to each other and constitute a new multigene family (MGF100). Nine ORFs encode proteins which contain predicted transmembrane domains. The possible functions of these predicted ASFV-encoded proteins are discussed and the evolutionary relationship of ASFV to other viruses are considered. Despite the similarities in genome structure and replication strategy of ASFV with poxviruses, sequence similarity between them is low and the organization of ASFV-encoded genes is not colinear with that of the orthopoxviruses.

Original publication




Journal article


J Gen Virol

Publication Date



75 ( Pt 7)


1655 - 1684


African Swine Fever Virus, Amino Acid Sequence, Base Sequence, DNA, Viral, Genes, Viral, Genome, Viral, Molecular Sequence Data, Multigene Family, Open Reading Frames, Protein Sorting Signals, Repetitive Sequences, Nucleic Acid, Sequence Alignment, Sequence Analysis, DNA, Sequence Homology, Amino Acid