Role of immunoproteasomes in cross-presentation.
Palmowski MJ., Gileadi U., Salio M., Gallimore A., Millrain M., James E., Addey C., Scott D., Dyson J., Simpson E., Cerundolo V.
The evidence that proteasomes are involved in the processing of cross-presented proteins is indirect and based on the in vitro use of proteasome inhibitors. It remains, therefore, unclear whether cross-presentation of MHC class I peptide epitopes can occur entirely within phagolysosomes or whether it requires proteasome degradation. To address this question, we studied in vivo cross-presentation of an immunoproteasome-dependent epitope. First, we demonstrated that generation of the immunodominant HY Uty(246-254) epitope is LMP7 dependent, resulting in the lack of rejection of male LMP7-deficient (LMP7(-/-)) skin grafts by female LMP7(-/-) mice. Second, we ruled out an altered Uty(246-254)-specific T cell repertoire in LMP7(-/-) female mice and demonstrated efficient Uty(246-254) presentation by re-expressing LMP7 in male LMP7(-/-) cells. Finally, we observed that LMP7 expression significantly enhanced cross-priming of Uty(246-254)-specific T cells in vivo. The observations that male skin grafts are not rejected by LMP7(-/-) female mice and that presentation of a proteasome-dependent peptide is not efficiently rescued by alternative cross-presentation pathways provide strong evidence that proteasomes play an important role in cross-priming events.