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Managing hematologic disorders in developing countries poses problems not encountered in Western societies. The clinical features of hematologic conditions may be modified by malnutrition, chronic bacterial infection, or parasitic illness. Iron deficiency is the major factor in anemia worldwide. Anemia is more common in the wet season when malaria transmission peaks. After anemia, eosinophilia is the next most common hematologic abnormality in children in the tropics. Infection with the human immunodeficiency virus can cause hematologic abnormalities. The pattern of distribution of primary disorders of the blood varies among populations and some disorders are unique to certain parts of the world.

Original publication




Journal article


Hematol Oncol Clin North Am

Publication Date





233 - 246


Anemia, Dengue, Eosinophilia, HIV, Hematology, Sub-Saharan Africa, Age Factors, Anemia, Comorbidity, Developing Countries, Disease Management, Eosinophilia, HIV Infections, Hematologic Diseases, Hemostatic Disorders, Humans, Malabsorption Syndromes, Prevalence