Role of the 75-kDa tumor necrosis factor receptor: inhibition of early hematopoiesis.
Jacobsen FW., Rothe M., Rusten L., Goeddel DV., Smeland EB., Veiby OP., Slørdal L., Jacobsen SE.
Biological effects of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) are mediated through two cell surface receptors, the 55-kDa TNF receptor and the 75-kDa TNF receptor. The present study investigated the relative roles of the two TNF receptors in normal hematopoiesis. Using agonists (antibodies) specific for the 55- and 75-kDa TNF receptors, we demonstrate differential roles of the two TNF receptors in hematopoiesis in that only the 55-kDa TNF receptor mediates antiproliferative effects of TNF-alpha on mature Lin- hematopoietic progenitor cells responding to granulocyte colony-stimulating factor or interleukin 3 alone. In contrast, the 75-kDa TNF receptor is essential in mediating inhibition of primitive Lin-Sca-1+ high-proliferative-potential colony-forming cells and inhibition of the total number of proliferative clones of individually cultured Lin-Sca-1+Rh123lo and Lin-Sca-1+Rh123hi cells.