Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Myelodysplastic syndromes with ring sideroblasts (MDS-RS) commonly develop from hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) bearing mutations in the splicing factor SF3B1 (SF3B1mt). Direct studies into MDS-RS pathobiology have been limited by a lack of model systems that fully recapitulate erythroid biology and RS development and the inability to isolate viable human RS. Here, we combined successful direct RS isolation from patient samples, high-throughput multiomics analysis of cells encompassing the SF3B1mt stem-erythroid continuum, and functional assays to investigate the impact of SF3B1mt on erythropoiesis and RS accumulation. The isolated RS differentiated, egressed into the blood, escaped traditional nonsense-mediated decay (NMD) mechanisms, and leveraged stress-survival pathways that hinder wild-type hematopoiesis through pathogenic GDF15 overexpression. Importantly, RS constituted a contaminant of magnetically-enriched CD34+ cells, skewing bulk transcriptomic data. Mis-splicing in SF3B1mt cells was intensified by erythroid differentiation through accelerated RNA splicing and decreased NMD activity, and SF3B1mt led to truncations in several MDS-implicated genes. Finally, RNA mis-splicing induced an uncoupling of RNA and protein expression, leading to critical abnormalities in proapoptotic p53 pathway genes. Overall, this characterization of erythropoiesis in SF3B1mt RS provides a resource for studying MDS-RS and uncovers insights into the unexpectedly active biology of the "dead-end" RS.

Original publication




Journal article


Cancer Res

Publication Date