Targeted high-resolution chromosome conformation capture at genome-wide scale
Downes DJ., Gosden ME., Telenius J., Carpenter SJ., Nussbaum L., De Ornellas S., Sergeant M., Eijsbouts CQ., Schwessinger R., Kerry J., Roberts N., Shivalingam A., El-Sagheer A., Oudelaar AM., Brown T., Buckle VJ., Davies JOJ., Hughes JR.
ABSTRACTChromosome conformation capture (3C) provides an adaptable tool for studying diverse biological questions. Current 3C methods provide either low-resolution interaction profiles across the entire genome, or high-resolution interaction profiles at up to several hundred loci. All 3C methods are affected to varying degrees by inefficiency, bias and noise. As such, generation of reproducible high-resolution interaction profiles has not been achieved at scale. To overcome this barrier, we systematically tested and improved upon current methods. We show that isolation of 3C libraries from intact nuclei, as well as shortening and titration of enrichment oligonucleotides used in high-resolution methods reduces noise and increases on-target sequencing. We combined these technical modifications into a new method Nuclear-Titrated (NuTi) Capture-C, which provides a >3-fold increase in informative sequencing content over current Capture-C protocols. Using NuTi Capture-C we target 8,061 promoters in triplicate, demonstrating that this method generates reproducible high-resolution genome-wide 3C interaction profiles at scale.