Stabilizing hematopoietic stem cells in vitro.
Wilkinson AC., Nakauchi H.
Hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) can regenerate all lineages of the adult blood and immune systems long-term following transplantation via a combination of self-renewal and multipotent differentiation. HSCs are therefore an important cell type in both basic research and in the clinic, where HSC transplantation is a curative therapy for a range of diseases. However, as a rare bone marrow cell population, the characterization and collection of HSCs can often be challenging. This has led to a large search for in vitro culture conditions that support the growth of functional HSCs and the in vitro stabilization of the HSC state represents a major goal in the field. Here, we review recent progress towards stabilizing HSCs in vitro.