Cyclin F-Chk1 synthetic lethality mediated by E2F1 degradation
Burdova K., Yang H., Faedda R., Hume S., Ebner D., Kessler B., Vendrell I., Drewry D., Wells C., Hatch S., D’Angiolella V.
Summary Cyclins are central engines of cell cycle progression when partnered with Cyclin Dependent Kinases (CDKs). Among the different cyclins controlling cell cycle progression, cyclin F does not partner with a CDK, but forms an E3 ubiquitin ligase, assembling through the F-box domain, an Skp1-Cul1-F-box (SCF) module. Although multiple substrates of cyclin F have been identified the vulnerabilities of cells lacking cyclin F are not known. Thus, we assessed viability of cells lacking cyclin F upon challenging cells with more than 200 kinase inhibitors. The screen revealed a striking synthetic lethality between Chk1 inhibition and cyclin F loss. Chk1 inhibition in cells lacking cyclin F leads to DNA replication catastrophe. The DNA replication catastrophe depends on the accumulation of E2F1 in cyclin F depleted cells. We observe that SCF cyclin F promotes E2F1 degradation after Chk1 inhibitors in a CDK dependent manner. Thus, Cyclin F restricts E2F1 activity during cell cycle and upon checkpoint inhibition to prevent DNA replication stress. Our findings pave the way for patient selection in the clinical use of checkpoint inhibitors.