Isolation of a human allo-peptide presented by HLA-B51 molecules.
Tomiyama H., Takamiya Y., Hill AB., Cerundolo V., Kelly A., Egawa K., Trowsdale J., Takiguchi M.
Recent studies have demonstrated directly that alloreactive mouse CTL recognize peptides presented by MHC class I molecules. However, there is no direct evidence that human alloreactive CTL recognize peptides presented by HLA class I molecules. We have isolated an HLA-B51 alloreactive CTL clone, 2B3, that did not kill the TAP defective cell lines T2 and .174, whereas it killed the TAP-positive cell line T1 and .174 cells transfected with TAP genes. These findings suggested that this clone recognizes a TAP-dependent allo-peptide. We attempted to isolate the human allo-peptide recognized by the 2B3 clone from HLA-B51 molecules. A naturally occurring HLA-B*5101 binding peptide isolated from T1 cells was recognized by the 2B3 clone. The peptide was also isolated from HLA-B*5101 molecules purified from C1R-B*5101 cells. In the present study, we directly demonstrated that a human alloreactive CTL clone recognizes peptide presented by HLA class I molecules.