Fyn and Lyn phosphorylate the Fc receptor gamma chain downstream of glycoprotein VI in murine platelets, and Lyn regulates a novel feedback pathway.
Quek LS., Pasquet JM., Hers I., Cornall R., Knight G., Barnes M., Hibbs ML., Dunn AR., Lowell CA., Watson SP.
Activation of platelets by collagen is mediated by the complex glycoprotein VI (GPVI)/Fc receptor gamma (FcR gamma chain). In the current study, the role of 2 Src family kinases, Fyn and Lyn, in GPVI signaling has been examined using murine platelets deficient in one or both kinases. In the fyn(-/-) platelets, tyrosine phosphorylation of FcR gamma chain, phopholipase C (PLC) activity, aggregation, and secretion are reduced, though the time of onset of response is unchanged. In the lyn(-/-) platelets, there is a delay of up to 30 seconds in the onset of tyrosine phosphorylation and functional responses, followed by recovery of phosphorylation and potentiation of aggregation and alpha-granule secretion. Tyrosine phosphorylation and aggregation in response to stimulation by collagen-related peptide is further attenuated and delayed in fyn(-/-)lyn(-/-) double-mutant platelets, and potentiation is not seen. This study provides the first genetic evidence that Fyn and Lyn mediate FcR immune receptor tyrosine-based activation motif phosphorylation and PLC gamma 2 activation after the ligation of GPVI. Lyn plays an additional role in inhibiting platelet activation through an uncharacterized inhibitory pathway. (Blood. 2000;96:4246-4253)