In Vitro Generation of Human Dendritic Cell Subsets from CD34+ Cord Blood Progenitors.
Bourdely P., Savoldelli R., Vetillard M., Anselmi G., Helft J., Guermonprez P.
Dendritic cells (DCs) are professional antigen-presenting cells controlling the activation of T cells and thus regulating adaptive immune response against pathogens or tumors. Modeling human DC differentiation and function is crucial for our understanding of immune response and the development of new therapies. Considering DC rarity in human blood, in vitro systems allowing their faithful generation are needed. This chapter will describe a DC differentiation method based on the co-culture of CD34+ cord blood progenitors together with mesenchymal stromal cells (eMSCs) engineered to deliver growth factors and chemokines.