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The safety and efficacy of combining the IDH1 inhibitor ivosidenib (IVO) with the BCL2 inhibitor venetoclax (VEN; IVO+VEN) +/- azacitidine (AZA; IVO+VEN+AZA) was evaluated in four cohorts of patients with IDH1-mutated myeloid malignancies (n=31). Most (91%) adverse events were grade 1 or 2. The maximal tolerated dose was not reached. Composite complete remission with IVO+VEN+AZA vs. IVO+VEN was 90% vs. 83%. Among MRD-evaluable patients (N=16) 63% attained MRD-negative remissions; IDH1 mutation clearance occurred in 64% of patients receiving ≥5 treatment cycles (N=14). Median EFS and OS were 36 (95% CI: 23-NR) and 42 (95% CI: 42-NR) months. Patients with signaling gene mutations appeared to particularly benefit from the triplet regimen. Longitudinal single-cell proteogenomic analyses linked co-occurring mutations, anti-apoptotic protein expression, and cell maturation to therapeutic sensitivity of IDH1-mutated clones. No IDH isoform switching or second-site IDH1 mutations were observed, indicating combination therapy may overcome established resistance pathways to single-agent IVO.

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Journal article


Blood Cancer Discov

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