Formaldehyde catabolism is essential in cells deficient for the Fanconi anemia DNA-repair pathway.
Rosado IV., Langevin F., Crossan GP., Takata M., Patel KJ.
Metabolism is predicted to generate formaldehyde, a toxic, simple, reactive aldehyde that can damage DNA. Here we report a synthetic lethal interaction in avian cells between ADH5, encoding the main formaldehyde-detoxifying enzyme, and the Fanconi anemia (FA) DNA-repair pathway. These results define a fundamental role for the combined action of formaldehyde catabolism and DNA cross-link repair in vertebrate cell survival.