Functional maturation of murine B lymphocyte precursors. I. Selection of adherent cell-dependent precursors from bone marrow and fetal liver.
Gisler RH., Holländer G., Söderberg A.
A cell culture assay is described which is suitable to explore interactions between cells of the bone marrow (BM) microenvironment on one side and B lymphocyte progenitors on the other. First, a heterogeneous adherent BM (aBM) cell population was established on Cytodex 1 microcarriers. Then, adherent cell and surface IgM+(sIgM+) cell-depleted BM precursors or adherent cell-depleted day 12 fetal liver cells were added. The generation of B cells in these cultures was monitored by staining with fluorochrome-labeled anti-mu-chain antibody and by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induction of protein A plaque-forming cells at limiting dilution. In the absence of aBM cells, some B cells arose after 24 hr from BM precursors but not from day 12 fetal liver cells. With aBM cells, BM precursors gave rise to a distinct second wave of B cells starting after 5 days of culture. When fetal liver cells were cultured on aBM cells, B cells appeared after a delay of 4 to 5 days. By using Ig allotype-congenic mouse strains (C.AL 20, BALB/c) and an allotype-specific plaque assay, we established that mature B cells originate from the putative progenitors and not from the aBM cell population. In an attempt to eliminate the aBM cell-independent progenitor subset, mice were pretreated with 5-fluorouracil 5 days before BM cells were collected. The remaining cells still contained B cells, but the frequency of c mu+ sIgM- pre-B cells was less than 10(-5). Remaining B cells were removed by anti-mu panning. In cultures of this precursor cell population, LPS-responsive B cells appeared after a delay of about 1 wk, and their generation was totally aBM cell-dependent and was maintained for more than 2 wk.