Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Granisetron is a highly potent and selective 5-hydroxytryptamine3 (5-HT3) receptor antagonist indicated for the prevention of cytotoxic-induced nausea and vomiting. Clinical trials have demonstrated granisetron to be effective and well tolerated at a standard dose of 40 micrograms/kg or 3 mg given i.v. as a 5-min infusion. In this study, the efficacy and safety of granisetron given as a 30-s infusion was assessed. A total of 21 patients, scheduled to undergo chemotherapy, received a single 3-mg i.v. dose of granisetron over 30 s, completed at 1 h before chemotherapy administration. Patients were allowed two further i.v. doses of granisetron at 3 mg within the 24-h assessment period. Changes from baseline values in vital signs were analysed prior to granisetron administration and at 30 s as well as 1, 10, 15, 30 and 60 min after granisetron administration. Holter ECG recordings were taken for 6 h prior to and 1 h after administration. No significant change was found in vital signs at 30 s or 1 min after granisetron infusion. There was a small but statistically significant fall in diastolic blood pressure as compared with baseline and a non-significant trend in favour of a reduction in heart rate at 10 and 15 min. No ECG abnormality was recorded post-infusion that had not been present pre-infusion. None of these changes was considered to be clinically relevant. The treatment was well tolerated. The most frequently reported adverse events were constipation (n = 6) and headache (n = 5). Maximal plasma levels of granisetron were within the range of 44.57-410 ng/ml except in one patient. The median values recorded for peak concentration (Cmax) and area under the curve (AUC) were 195 ng/ml and 71.2 ng h ml-1, respectively. In conclusion, granisetron at 3 mg was shown to be safe and well tolerated when given as a 30-s i.v. infusion to patients receiving chemotherapy for malignant disease.

Original publication

DOI

10.1007/BF00685640

Type

Journal article

Journal

Cancer Chemother Pharmacol

Publication Date

1995

Volume

37

Pages

134 - 138

Keywords

Adult, Aged, Antiemetics, Electrocardiography, Female, Granisetron, Humans, Infusions, Intravenous, Male, Middle Aged, Neoplasms, Serotonin Antagonists, Vomiting