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Expression of DNA topoisomerase IIalpha mRNA and protein reflects the proliferative state of mammalian cell lines and tissues with high levels in actively cycling cells but marked down-regulation during serum deprivation or cell density-induced growth arrest. Using stably integrated gene fusions comprising the human topoisomerase IIalpha promoter with a growth hormone reporter gene, we have localized elements required for the differential activity of the topoisomerase IIalpha promoter in proliferating and confluence-arrested cells. Deletion analysis localized the region of the promoter that responded to changes in the cellular growth state to between -101 and -144 base pairs. Mutation analysis identified an inverted CCAAT box (ICB) located at -108 to -104 as necessary for promoter down-regulation in confluence-arrested cells, while several other potential cis-acting elements, including four additional ICBs, were shown not to be required. The critical ICB was recognized in vitro by the CCAAT box binding factor, NF-Y, with levels of binding activity higher in extracts from proliferating cells than from confluence-arrested cells. We conclude that the differential regulation of topoisomerase IIalpha gene expression in cycling and confluence-arrested cells is mediated, at least in part, through proliferation-specific binding of factors to an ICB element in the gene promoter.

Original publication

DOI

10.1074/jbc.271.28.16741

Type

Journal article

Journal

J Biol Chem

Publication Date

12/07/1996

Volume

271

Pages

16741 - 16747

Keywords

3T3 Cells, Animals, Antigens, Neoplasm, Base Sequence, CCAAT-Enhancer-Binding Proteins, Cell Division, DNA Primers, DNA Topoisomerases, Type II, DNA-Binding Proteins, Down-Regulation, Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic, Genes, Reporter, Growth Hormone, Humans, Isoenzymes, Mice, Molecular Sequence Data, Promoter Regions, Genetic, Protein Binding, RNA, Messenger, Transcription Factors, Tumor Cells, Cultured