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BACKGROUND: c-Myc plays a major role in the maintenance of glycolytic metabolism and hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) quiescence. OBJECTIVE: Targeting modulators of HSC quiescence and metabolism could lead to HSC cell cycle entry with concomitant expansion. METHODS AND RESULTS: Here we show that c-Myc inhibitor 10074-G5 treatment leads to 2-fold increase in murine LSKCD34low HSC compartment post 7 days. In addition, c-Myc inhibition increases CD34+ and CD133+ human HSC number. c-Myc inhibition leads to downregulation of glycolytic and cyclindependent kinase inhibitor (CDKI) gene expression ex vivo and in vivo. In addition, c-Myc inhibition upregulates major HDR modulator Rad51 expression in hematopoietic cells. Besides, c-Myc inhibition does not alter proliferation kinetics of endothelial cells, fibroblasts or adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells, however, it limits bone marrow derived mesenchymal stem cell proliferation. We further demonstrate that a cocktail of c-Myc inhibitor 10074-G5 along with tauroursodeoxycholic acid (TUDCA) and i-NOS inhibitor L-NIL provides a robust HSC maintenance and expansion ex vivo as evident by induction of all stem cell antigens analyzed. Intriguingly, the cocktail of c-Myc inhibitor 10074-G5, TUDCA and L-NIL improves HDR related gene expression. CONCLUSION: These findings provide tools to improve ex vivo HSC maintenance and expansion, autologous HSC transplantation and gene editing through modulation of HSC glycolytic and HDR pathways.

Original publication

DOI

10.2174/1568009618666180905100608

Type

Journal article

Journal

Curr Cancer Drug Targets

Publication Date

2019

Volume

19

Pages

479 - 494

Keywords

Hematopoietic stem cells, bone marrow, c-myc, homology-directed repair, mesenchymal stem cells, small molecules.