The stargazin-related protein gamma 7 interacts with the mRNA-binding protein heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein A2 and regulates the stability of specific mRNAs, including CaV2.2.
Ferron L., Davies A., Page KM., Cox DJ., Leroy J., Waithe D., Butcher AJ., Sellaturay P., Bolsover S., Pratt WS., Moss FJ., Dolphin AC.
The role(s) of the novel stargazin-like gamma-subunit proteins remain controversial. We have shown previously that the neuron-specific gamma7 suppresses the expression of certain calcium channels, particularly Ca(V)2.2, and is therefore unlikely to operate as a calcium channel subunit. We now show that the effect of gamma7 on Ca(V)2.2 expression is via an increase in the degradation rate of Ca(V)2.2 mRNA and hence a reduction of Ca(V)2.2 protein level. Furthermore, exogenous expression of gamma7 in PC12 cells also decreased the endogenous Ca(V)2.2 mRNA level. Conversely, knockdown of endogenous gamma7 with short-hairpin RNAs produced a reciprocal enhancement of Ca(V)2.2 mRNA stability and an increase in endogenous calcium currents in PC12 cells. Moreover, both endogenous and expressed gamma7 are present on intracellular membranes, rather than the plasma membrane. The cytoplasmic C terminus of gamma7 is essential for all its effects, and we show that gamma7 binds directly via its C terminus to a heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein (hnRNP A2), which also binds to a motif in Ca(V)2.2 mRNA, and is associated with native Ca(V)2.2 mRNA in PC12 cells. The expression of hnRNP A2 enhances Ca(V)2.2 I(Ba), and this enhancement is prevented by a concentration of gamma7 that alone has no effect on I(Ba). The effect of gamma7 is selective for certain mRNAs because it had no effect on alpha2delta-2 mRNA stability, but it decreased the mRNA stability for the potassium-chloride cotransporter, KCC1, which contains a similar hnRNP A2 binding motif to that in Ca(V)2.2 mRNA. Our results indicate that gamma7 plays a role in stabilizing Ca(V)2.2 mRNA.