Molecular analysis of the HLA-D region genes.
Lee JS., Trowsdale J., Travers P., Bodmer WF.
Analysis of the amino acid sequence of the HLA-DR alpha chain and the structure of the gene encoding it have shown strong homologies to membrane proximal domains of the DR beta chain and HLA-ABC, as well as to beta 2-microglobulin. Weaker, but nevertheless apparent homologies to C kappa and C lambda immunoglobulin domains support the interpretation that these genes diverged in evolution from a primordial immunoglobulin-like domain. Cosmid clones containing sequences related to the DR alpha chain have been isolated. These sequences probably represent the SB and DC alpha genes. In addition to the alpha "genes," some of the cosmids also contain sequences related to the DR beta chain suggesting that the human HLA-D region alpha and beta genes are interspersed.