Indium-111 labelled monoclonal antibody to placental alkaline phosphatase in in the detection of neoplasms of testis, ovary, and cervix.
Epenetos AA., Snook D., Hooker G., Begent R., Durbin H., Oliver RT., Bodmer WF., Lavender JP.
A monoclonal antibody (H17E2) against placental alkaline phosphatase (PLAP) and testicular placental-like alkaline phosphatase was labelled with indium-111 and used in radioimmunoscintigraphy of 15 patients known or suspected to have germ-cell carcinoma of the testis or carcinoma of the ovary or cervix. Good images of neoplastic lesions were obtained in most patients with active disease. In 1 patient with testicular teratoma and elevated human chorionic gonadotropin who had a normal computed tomography scan, the labelled antibody located microscopic disease in a lymph node, which was then removed. No false positive localisation was seen in patients with PLAP-negative tumours or sites of inflammation. This method may be helpful in the diagnosis, staging, and monitoring of PLAP-positive neoplasms of testicular, ovarian, and cervical origin.