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Although the co-stimulatory interaction between B and T cells is well defined, recent evidence suggests that B cells also have a regulatory role. Here, we show that B cells activated using anti-IgD conjugated to dextran (α-δ-dex) directly inhibit TCR-induced CD4 T cell activation, proliferation and cytokine production. This effect was observed in CD4 T cells activated both with and without CD28 co-stimulation. T cell viability was unaffected, and the T cell suppressive effect was mediated by contact with IgD activated purified B cells and not by IL-10 or other soluble factors. This is the first evidence of IgD activated B cells mediating inhibition of activation and proliferation of CD4 T cells in humans. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

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B cells, Immune regulation, T cells