Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

The human T-cell receptor gamma (TRG) chain genes, like those encoding the T-cell receptor alpha- and beta-polypeptides, undergo rearrangements specifically in T cells. The human TRG locus, which has been completely mapped, is composed of two constant region genes (TRGC), five joining segments (TRGJ) and at least 14 variable gamma-genes (TRGV). Eight variable genes are functional and belong to four different subgroups. The product of the rearranged TRG gene is the gamma-chain which is expressed, along with the delta-chain, at the surface of a subset of T lymphocytes. Although some gamma delta + cells display a cytolytic activity, their precise function remains to be elucidated.

Original publication




Journal article


Trends Biochem Sci

Publication Date





214 - 218


Antigens, Differentiation, T-Lymphocyte, CD3 Complex, Chromosomes, Human, Pair 7, Gene Rearrangement, Humans, Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell, Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell, gamma-delta, T-Lymphocytes