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The ubiquitous nature of the Alu sequence throughout the human genome forms the basis of an assay we present here for analyzing the human chromosome content of human x rodent somatic cell hybrids. A human-specific Alu primer was used both to amplify sequences and to 32P label the products in a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technique. Unlabeled inter-Alu PCR products from two series of human x rodent hybrids were used to prepare dot blots which were probed with labeled inter-Alu products prepared from between 10(3) and 10(4) hybrid cells. In the first series we demonstrate that a labeled inter-Alu probe from the hybrid DL18ts, containing a single chromosome 18, on a dot blot hybridized only with those inter-Alu products containing chromosome 18. Similar specificity for human chromosome 5 was shown when a Southern blot of the PCR products was hybridized with a probe made from the hybrid HHW 213, which contains only chromosome 5p. Using a dot blot from a second series of control hybrids, 15 of which contained single human chromosomes, hybridization of a labeled probe from the hybrid 18X4-1 was shown to react specifically with the controls that expressed chromosome 18. Application of the technique reported here allows simple and rapid characterization of the human chromosome content in human x rodent hybrids.

Type

Journal article

Journal

Genomics

Publication Date

05/1991

Volume

10

Pages

186 - 192

Keywords

Animals, Base Sequence, Blotting, Southern, Chromosomes, Human, Cricetinae, DNA, Humans, Hybrid Cells, Molecular Sequence Data, Nucleic Acid Hybridization, Polymerase Chain Reaction, Repetitive Sequences, Nucleic Acid, Templates, Genetic