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BACKGROUND: 4-(N-(S-glutathionylacetyl)amino) phenylarsenoxide (GSAO) is a water-soluble mitochondrial toxin that binds to adenine nucleotide translocase in the inner mitochondrial membrane, thereby targeting cell proliferation. This phase 1 study investigated safety, dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs), maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and pharmacokinetics (PK) of GSAO as a daily 1-h infusion for 5 days a week for 2 weeks in every three. Pharmacodynamics of GSAO was evaluated by dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) and circulating markers of angiogenesis. METHODS: Patients with advanced solid tumours received GSAO in a dose-escalation trial according to a standard '3 + 3' design that was guided by toxicity and, for the final dose escalation, by arsenic PK data. RESULTS: A total of 34 patients were treated with GSAO across 9 dose levels (1.3-44.0 mg/m(2)). Treatment was well tolerated with few adverse events. An additional three patients were enrolled at the 12.4 mg/m(2) dose level following a DLT of derangement of liver function tests (grade 4). At the 44.0 mg/m(2) dose level, two out of three patients had DLTs (reversible encephalopathy; paroxysmal atrial fibrillation). CONCLUSIONS: The MTD of GSAO was 22.0 mg/m(2)/day. There was no biomarker evidence from DCE-MRI or circulating markers of angiogenesis of an anti-vascular effect of GSAO.

Original publication

DOI

10.1007/s00280-013-2320-9

Type

Journal article

Journal

Cancer chemother pharmacol

Publication Date

12/2013

Volume

72

Pages

1343 - 1352

Keywords

Adult, Aged, Antineoplastic Agents, Arsenicals, Cell Proliferation, Dose-Response Relationship, Drug, Female, Glutathione, Humans, Infusions, Intravenous, Liver Function Tests, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Male, Maximum Tolerated Dose, Middle Aged, Neoplasms, Neovascularization, Pathologic