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Mouse models of human cancer are a potential preclinical setting for drug testing and for development of methods for delivery of macromolecular drugs to tumors. We have assessed a mouse model of leukemia caused by Mll-Enl protein fusion as a preclinical situation in which myeloid-lineage leukemia results from de novo occurrence of chromosomal translocations between Mll and Enl genes. Here, we show that the mouse leukemias respond to cytosine arabinoside, a frontline treatment for human leukemia. The observations show that the myeloid cells are susceptible to the drug and the mice undergo a remission that comprises a reduction of the myeloid population of cells and recovery of the lymphoid population. This translocator model should therefore prove useful for future drug assessments against the recurrent mixed-lineage leukemia-associated translocations.

Original publication




Journal article


Mol Cancer Ther

Publication Date





730 - 735


Animals, Antineoplastic Agents, Cell Line, Tumor, Cytarabine, Leukemia, Experimental, Mice, Models, Theoretical, Myeloid-Lymphoid Leukemia Protein, Oncogene Proteins, Fusion