8-Cl-adenosine is an active metabolite of 8-Cl-cAMP responsible for its in vitro antiproliferative effects on CHO mutants hypersensitive to cytostatic drugs.
Robbins SK., Houlbrook S., Priddle JD., Harris AL.
8-Cl-cAMP has been undergoing clinical trials as a potential chemotherapy agent, but there is much discussion in the literature as to whether the active agent is 8-Cl-cAMP itself, or its major metabolite, 8-Cl-adenosine. 8-Cl-cAMP is susceptible to the action of serum enzymes such as phosphodiesterases, and its metabolism when administered to cancer patients raises questions as to the mechanism of action of 8-Cl-cAMP. The stability of 8-Cl-cAMP when incubated with serum, and the effects of both 8-Cl-cAMP and 8-Cl-adenosine on the proliferation of variant lines of CHO cells hypersensitive to 8-Cl-cAMP were investigated. A solid-phase extraction (SPE) purification protocol and the HPLC method previously developed were used to determine 8-Cl-cAMP and 8-Cl-adenosine. Heat treatment of serum inactivated the enzymes in the culture medium responsible for activating 8-Cl-cAMP. Under these conditions 8-Cl-cAMP remained stable and there were no traces of its metabolite, 8-Cl-adenosine. Cell culture experiments showed that 8-Cl-cAMP only affected cell growth in medium that contained untreated serum. In contrast, 8-Cl-adenosine was shown to be growth inhibitory in medium containing either heat-treated or untreated serum. HPLC analysis of the culture medium from the cell culture experiments supported the hypothesis that 8-Cl-cAMP was only effective in inhibiting cell growth after metabolism to 8-Cl-adenosine. Thus further studies of this drug and its mechanism of action should focus on 8-Cl-adenosine.