Identification of three novel mutations [-41 (A>C), codon 24 (-G), and IVS-I-109 (-T)], in a study of beta-thalassemia alleles in the Isfahan region of Iran.
Salehi R., Fisher CA., Bignell PA., Eslami G., Old JM.
Beta-thalassemia (beta-thal) is one of the most common autosomal recessive disorders in Iran, with more than 15,000 registered cases of thalassemia major in the country. Iran has a multiethnic society and knowledge of the mutation spectrum and regional distribution is an essential requirement for health planning and a prenatal diagnosis program. We have determined the spectrum of mutations in patients from the Isfahan region of Iran. A study of 190 chromosomes revealed 24 different mutations, including three novel ones: -41 (A>C), IVS-I-109 (-T) and codon 24 (-G). The most common mutation was IVS-II-1 (G>A) (20.5%), followed by IVS-I-5 (G>C) (11%). The findings for the Isfahan region confirm the extremely heterogeneous nature of the molecular basis of beta-thal in Iran. The results show that a strategy of using the amplification refractory mutation system-polymerase chain reaction (ARMS-PCR) for 14 of the most common mutations and DNA sequencing for the rare mutations can be used for prenatal diagnosis of beta-thal in this region.