Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

15% of myasthenia gravis (MG) patients do not have antibodies against the acetylcholine receptor (AChR). Some of these "seronegative" MG patients have antibodies against muscle specific kinase (MuSK), and many have a non-IgG factor that acutely inhibits AChR function in a muscle-like cell line, CN21. Here we show, using mainly one plasma negative for both AChR and MuSK antibodies, that the inhibitory effect of the non-IgG fraction correlates well with the desensitisation caused by 100 microM nicotine, and is found also when AChRs are expressed in a non-muscle cell line (HEK). Moreover, a similar effect was seen with M3C7-a monoclonal antibody against human AChR. The results suggest that, rather than acting indirectly as previously proposed, the SNMG factor may bind directly to an allosteric site that induces or enhances AChR desensitisation.

Original publication




Journal article


J Neuroimmunol

Publication Date





149 - 156


Adult, Antibodies, Autoantibodies, Cell Line, Tumor, Dose-Response Relationship, Drug, Female, Humans, Male, Membrane Potentials, Myasthenia Gravis, Nicotine, Nicotinic Agonists, Patch-Clamp Techniques, Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases, Receptors, Cholinergic, Rhabdomyosarcoma