Predominant role of hypoxia-inducible transcription factor (Hif)-1alpha versus Hif-2alpha in regulation of the transcriptional response to hypoxia.
Sowter HM., Raval RR., Moore JW., Ratcliffe PJ., Harris AL.
Tumor hypoxia induces the up-regulation of a gene program associated with angiogenesis, glycolysis, adaptation to pH, and apoptosis via the hypoxia-inducible transcription factors (Hifs) 1 and 2. Disruption of this pathway has been proposed as a cancer therapy. Here, we use short interfering RNAs to compare specific inactivation of Hif-1alpha or Hif-2alpha and show markedly different cell type-specific effects on gene expression and cell migration. Remarkably, among a panel of hypoxia-inducible genes, responses were critically dependent on Hif-1 alpha but not Hif-2 alpha in both endothelial and breast cancer cells but critically dependent on Hif-2 alpha in renal carcinoma cells.