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BACKGROUND: Cediranib (RECENTIN™) is an oral, highly potent VEGF inhibitor. This study evaluated the effect of food on the pharmacokinetics of cediranib and compared the administration of continual cediranib via two dosing strategies using this as a platform to investigate pharmacodynamic imaging biomarkers. METHODS: Sixty patients were randomised to receive two single doses of cediranib in either fed/fasted or fasted/fed state (Part A). In continual dosage phase (Part B), patients were randomised to a fixed-dose or dose-escalation arm. Exploratory pharmacodynamic assessments were performed using DCE-MRI and CT enhancing fraction (EnF). RESULTS: In part A, plasma AUC and C (max) of cediranib were lower in the presence of food by a mean of 24 and 33%, respectively (94% CI: AUC, 12-34% and C (max), 20-43%), indicating food reduces cediranib plasma exposure. In part B, cediranib 30 mg/day appeared to be the most sustainable for chronic dosing. Continuous cediranib therapy was associated with sustained antivascular effects up to 16 weeks, with significant reductions in DCE-MRI parameters and CT EnF. CONCLUSIONS: It is recommended that cediranib be administered at least 1 h before or 2 h after food. Evidence of antitumour activity was observed, with significant sustained effects upon imaging vascular parameters.

Original publication

DOI

10.1007/s00280-010-1534-3

Type

Journal article

Journal

Cancer chemother pharmacol

Publication Date

09/2011

Volume

68

Pages

631 - 641

Keywords

Adult, Aged, Area Under Curve, Cross-Over Studies, Dose-Response Relationship, Drug, Electrocardiography, Fasting, Female, Food-Drug Interactions, Humans, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Male, Middle Aged, Neoplasms, Quinazolines, Tomography, X-Ray Computed, Treatment Outcome, Young Adult