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MYH associated polyposis is a hereditary syndrome responsible for early colorectal cancer with a distinct genetic pathway from the Familial Adenomatous Polyposis or the Hereditary Non Polyposis Colorectal Cancer syndrome. We have studied a family with three members bearing a biallelic mutation in MYH at c.1185_1186dup. One patient who developed colon cancer had loss of expression of MLH1 on tumoral tissue and microsatellite instability (MSI) phenotype. Analysis of MLH1 based on his blood sample revealed no germline mutation or large genomic deletion. No methylation of the promoter was identified in tumoral DNA. No transversion mutations were identified in APC or KRAS in tumor DNA of this patient. Loss of expression of MLH1 was due to a transversion in intron 7 at position +5 (c.588 + 5G > T) leading to a complete deletion of exon 7 at the RNA level. This observation demonstrates that MLH1 can be a target of MYH transversions leading to MSI phenotype.

Original publication

DOI

10.1007/s10689-010-9367-0

Type

Journal article

Journal

Fam Cancer

Publication Date

12/2010

Volume

9

Pages

589 - 594

Keywords

Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing, Adenoma, Adenomatous Polyposis Coli, Alleles, Colorectal Neoplasms, DNA Glycosylases, DNA Mutational Analysis, DNA, Neoplasm, Exons, Female, Genes, APC, Genetic Predisposition to Disease, Genotype, Humans, Male, Microsatellite Instability, Middle Aged, MutL Protein Homolog 1, Mutation, Nuclear Proteins, Pedigree, Phenotype, Polymerase Chain Reaction