A cross-sectional study on attitudes to and understanding of risk of acquisition of hiv: Design, methods and participant characteristics
Sewell1 J., Speakman A., Phillips AN., Lampe FC., Miltz A., Gilson R., Asboe D., Nwokolo N., Scott C., Day S., Fisher M., Clarke A., Anderson J., O'Connell R., Apea V., Dhairyawan R., Gompels M., Farazmand P., Allan S., Mann S., Dhar J., Tang A., Tariq Sadiq S., Taylor S., Collins S., Sherr L., Hart G., Johnson AM., Miners A., Elford J., Rodger A.
The annual number of new human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections in the United Kingdom among men who have sex with men (MSM) has risen, and remains high among heterosexuals. Increasing HIV transmission among MSM is consistent with evidence of ongoing sexual risk behavior in this group, and targeted prevention strategies are needed for those at risk of acquiring HIV. Objective: The Attitudes to and Understanding of Risk of Acquisition of HIV (AURAH) study was designed to collect information on HIV negative adults at risk of HIV infection in the United Kingdom, based on the following parameters: physical and mental health, lifestyle, patterns of sexual behaviour, and attitudes to sexual risk. Methods: Cross-sectional questionnaire study of HIV negative or undiagnosed sexual health clinic attendees in the United Kingdom from 2013-2014. Results: Of 2630 participants in the AURAH study, 2064 (78%) were in the key subgroups of interest; 580 were black Africans (325 females and 255 males) and 1484 were MSM, with 27 participants belonging to both categories. Conclusions: The results from AURAH will be a significant resource to understand the attitudes and sexual behaviour of those at risk of acquiring HIV within the United Kingdom. AURAH will inform future prevention efforts and targeted health promotion initiatives in the HIV negative population.